Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science

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The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Aspects of ARE-VID-EOR

The letters dance in a circle like mirroring-scenes. After all, they are not yet language, nor words, nor sentences, but just a circular dance of symbols, or of sound characteristics of letters or of a SHINES.

Weiterlesen: Aspects of ARE-VID-EOR

Primal Repression in the Gaze-Image

Why speak of the 'sun, moon and stars'? In Surat Shabd yoga the individual is often in a kind of self-analysis which bears danger of him overlooking his own resistance to analysis.1 This calls for a strict guideline, namely to concentrate on simple symbols, such the sun, moon and stars.

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Perception of Sound and ARE - VID - EOR

The SPEAKS, perception of the ‚sound’, is to be exercised separately in Surat Shabd Yoga, and this is also the way I’d like to represent it (2nd exercise) when I offer direct guidance for practice. As Sawan Singh clearly stated, though, the SPEAKS can accompany the first exercise).

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Gaze-image and Vision

From a psychological-scientific standpoint, the phenomenon of a 'vision' is very difficult to define and only in an imprecise manner at that. Certainly, it would be wrong to simply imply that Kirpal Singh only had a hallucination. Besides, hallucinations are not always necessarily something pathologic.

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Kirpal Singh and Succession

I have been a devotee of Kirpal Singh for over thirty years now, and have simultaneously practiced general medicine and psychoanalysis for almost the same period of time. Based thereupon, I feel a distinct urge of taking on the challenge of scientifically estimating and critique the life and teachings of Kirpal Singh and yoga generally, though I may fall short of the mark because of the significance of his personality.

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Earlier Life

The term 'earlier life', insofar as it even reaches back into animal evolution, is naturally1 - and as just mentioned - relatively imprecise, since the 'life' of an early primate has little to compare with the 'vita' of a modern human being. Here, life is not equal to life, and we are impelled to introduce additional constructions in order to explain 'reincarnation' in a plausible manner. Nevertheless, it retains its value. At the least we are able to transpose ourselves into the psychosocial or purely phenomenological aspects of 'earlier lives', which positions us to draw usable conclusions for just what is necessary to gain an understanding of Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga in comparison to psychoanalysis. Subsequently, scientific aspects of the term 'reincarnation' are also able to be represented in a more vivid manner. Shame complexes, as an example, have to do with disturbed perception. Shame is an unbearable, impossible self-portrait. Shame causes us not to see ourselves as we are, but distorted, deformed, as if seeing ourselves in an 'earlier life' under completely different, strange and denunciating circumstances than are normally the case. Or when vividly imagining ourselves as if we were in an exposing movie (goes to say: with the help of an imaginary signifier). Seeing yourself in a pre-existence prevents then a confrontation with an overly intense current feeling of shame in present life, indeed, and gives way for a more careful approach to such a complex. I can withstand my shame if only I were to see myself mirrored in an earlier existence, just as if I could reconstruct it from a distance and in relation to my analytic therapist. Neither of the cases leaves me to be currently and directly ashamed, but only confronted with shame that has been detoured, which makes it easier to cope with. The same goes for guilt complexes and self-awareness.

1 Here the expression 'naturally' acquires its full meaning. However, as I have further pointed out above, the human being has an understanding, and is in the position of applying reincarnation to reflections and rhetoric.

In the Beginning, a Sum of Signifiers

The bible says: „In the beginning was the word ..." (in John). But what sounded there, what did he, it, they, or all of them say? Something of the sort of the 'fiat lux' announced, an announcement of 'light', the second signifier. This is the only way it can work. There can't be a voice in the beginning. That would be foolish.

Weiterlesen: In the Beginning, a Sum of Signifiers

Assignment through the Eyes

The term: 'through the eyes' is a mystical-metaphoric one. It attempts to express coincidence of the 'inner' and of the 'outer', a total SHINES / SPEAKS', whereby the slash, or fractional stroke ideally depicts the 'up' of the 'assignment'.

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Combining three aspects of yoga

In this manner Kirpal Singh was able to combine the three aspects of Yoga (physical, mental, spiritual) without producing confusion or excess effort caused by too many exercises of the physical and mental type. It already becomes clear, that a system aiming to encompass all aspects would be very complex, rigid and cumbersome, as is the case with most forms of Yoga.

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