Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science

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The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Aspects of ARE-VID-EOR

The letters dance in a circle like mirroring-scenes. After all, they are not yet language, nor words, nor sentences, but just a circular dance of symbols, or of sound characteristics of letters or of a SHINES.

Weiterlesen: Aspects of ARE-VID-EOR

Applying the Light and Sound principle to Yoga

We only need to apply the 'light' (reflecting, mirroring) / 'sound' (echoing) principle - written with the stroke in between1 - as a guideline in Yoga practice (exercises) and teachings (theories) from the beginning on, and try to also compare all of these terms with psychological scientific cognizance. Theory and practice are also closely related to one another in occidental sciences. Freudian psychoanalysis is not feasible without knowledge of its therapeutic practice. Vice versa, Freud's biography would be of no value without the decisive stages in his research. May the reader so have the understanding that this book doesn't describe single events of Kirpal Singh's life, but rather the substantial aspects of practice and theory of Yoga, and partially draws relations to western science, as well as engages in discussions of these. How else should you go about writing a biography of such a great person and producing science at the same moment?

H.-U. Rieker also provides an ideal overview of the Yoga systems in his literature (Fig. 2). He uses simple structures common to all Yoga literature, i.e. by arranging physical, mental (emotional) and spiritual forms of Yoga. The diagrams displayed here show Kirpal Singh's Yoga mainly in the vicinity of Laya Yoga, which means: in the area of pure spiritual exercises, in which there is, however, a close relation to ethical behaviours (Dhyana, Karma). To avoid spiritual (mental) overexertion, Kirpal Singh, however, called on his devotees to keep to strict vegetarian nutrition and to preserve positive feelings to the teacher.

 

1 The stroke stands exactly for what Yoga describes as 'Bindu', as in having a visually (Single Eye) or symbolically (Logos) connecting property (Old Indian: bhindan). In Psychoanalysis we make a distinction between the imaginary, the symbolic and the real. The real is not reality, but it is like a 'Bindu', a connecting property which really happens.

Kirpal Singh and Succession

I have been a devotee of Kirpal Singh for over thirty years now, and have simultaneously practiced general medicine and psychoanalysis for almost the same period of time. Based thereupon, I feel a distinct urge of taking on the challenge of scientifically estimating and critique the life and teachings of Kirpal Singh and yoga generally, though I may fall short of the mark because of the significance of his personality.

Weiterlesen: Kirpal Singh and Succession

Early Influence

Gopi Krishna, an Indian pandit and employee experienced quite a miserable failure in trying a Yoga experiment similar to that of Kirpal Singh, and probably because he could not cope with paternity, or uprightness.1 It was nearly at the same time, namely in the thirties of the last century that G. Krishna exercised himself in comparable yoga practices on his own, only to fall into a severe psychosis after several years of training.

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Lingam Power

Still, this way of thinking has also changed considerably in India in the course of the last decades. The influence of technology of the so-called First World, of natural science, computer science and many other matters seem to hardly yield room for pure mystic or 'spiritual' thinking as often as before, nor for the majority of the people in India.

Weiterlesen: Lingam Power

Attention of the Other

Both Sawan Singh and Kirpal Singh, as his successor, were, at the end of their lives, in the position of being able to look back over a great, comprehensive social and - let us avoid the word 'spiritual' for once - psycho-theological work.

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On Discourse, Guilt and Shame Complexes

If no actual and profound conversation comes about, nor 'causality' is reached, then the same thing happens in yoga as does in the universitary discours or in an aborted psychoanalysis. Here, insight and confession of the truth are only achieved through an artificial conversation,

Weiterlesen: On Discourse, Guilt and Shame Complexes

Gaze-image and Vision

From a psychological-scientific standpoint, the phenomenon of a 'vision' is very difficult to define and only in an imprecise manner at that. Certainly, it would be wrong to simply imply that Kirpal Singh only had a hallucination. Besides, hallucinations are not always necessarily something pathologic.

Weiterlesen: Gaze-image and Vision

Light, Shine as a Representation of Object 'O'

Why the need for a detour through 'astro-mental' levels in yoga and for exaggerating transference so much, that it leads to a general 'fusion with the master' during meditation, even to an erotic mania? When mystic, Angelus Silesius, lets his eye fuse with God's, then one can correctly assume a 'perverted enjoyment'.1

Weiterlesen: Light, Shine as a Representation of Object 'O'

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