Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science

Fragmente

The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Followers and Transference

Kirpal was in a difficult conflict. After all, he had to fulfill his daily tasks of teaching, as he stated with his own words, leaving it difficult for him to find the time for his own meditation. This problem, practice and teaching being in conflict with each other, is not found in psychoanalysis. Here there is continuing stability through regular scientific publications.

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Improved Meditation with ARE-VID-EOR

What distinguishes this method of Analytic Psychocatharsis from Surat Shabd Yoga is so an improved support by the intellect and by our Western culture. Why not – while in meditation with ARE – VID – EOR – think, re-think, question and re-read? There are so many Sant Mat ‚masters’ who fail due to the triviality and naivety of their formulations.

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Introduction to Formula Words

This comparative study of western and eastern 'spirituality' or 'psychology' (whatever you may call it) centers around such FORMULA-WORDs which are quite similar to Sanskrit mantras. They each bear several meanings in one formulation and correspond to the scientific term 'unconscious' as well as to the exercises in Laya Yoga. This study culminates in an independent and new method which can connect the East and the West in an ideal way.

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Kirpal Singh and Succession

I have been a devotee of Kirpal Singh for over thirty years now, and have simultaneously practiced general medicine and psychoanalysis for almost the same period of time. Based thereupon, I feel a distinct urge of taking on the challenge of scientifically estimating and critique the life and teachings of Kirpal Singh and yoga generally, though I may fall short of the mark because of the significance of his personality.

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Gaze-image and Vision

From a psychological-scientific standpoint, the phenomenon of a 'vision' is very difficult to define and only in an imprecise manner at that. Certainly, it would be wrong to simply imply that Kirpal Singh only had a hallucination. Besides, hallucinations are not always necessarily something pathologic.

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Causality and Sound

This imaginary signifier, Lyotards pulsating Matrix / Figure1 hasn't been sufficiently established, and so, thanks to Sant Mat, I will establish a new approach here. Namely Sant Mat applies it more often - but even much more uncritical. The guru's 'astro-mental'2 form represents a strong point of reference. Here, the mainstay is imagery.

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Early Influence

Gopi Krishna, an Indian pandit and employee experienced quite a miserable failure in trying a Yoga experiment similar to that of Kirpal Singh, and probably because he could not cope with paternity, or uprightness.1 It was nearly at the same time, namely in the thirties of the last century that G. Krishna exercised himself in comparable yoga practices on his own, only to fall into a severe psychosis after several years of training.

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Lingam Power

Still, this way of thinking has also changed considerably in India in the course of the last decades. The influence of technology of the so-called First World, of natural science, computer science and many other matters seem to hardly yield room for pure mystic or 'spiritual' thinking as often as before, nor for the majority of the people in India.

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On Discourse, Guilt and Shame Complexes

If no actual and profound conversation comes about, nor 'causality' is reached, then the same thing happens in yoga as does in the universitary discours or in an aborted psychoanalysis. Here, insight and confession of the truth are only achieved through an artificial conversation,

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