Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science


The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Love and Cognitive Science

A platform upon which it would be possible for both to meet could well be love, though in the form of a 'cognitive classification'1. Psychoanalysis, however, discusses a completely different type of love than plays a role in Surat Shabd Yoga.

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Creatio ex nihilo

'Light'(mirroring) and 'sound' (echoing) are then the two first forms or drives of a creatio ex nihilo, and Kirpal Singh's happy 'background' is nothing else than the "good luck of the signs" as semiotician R. Barthes calls it.1 It has to do with the joy found in a certain appointment, or the delight in a revelation. Only in the sense of this 'happiness' can one speak of God.

This concept of a hypothetical One behind two actually tangible primal principles is basically nothing extraordinary in India; after all it was and is advocated by many Sufis, Yogis and mystics in India.

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Precognition, déjà raconté and jamais vu

That's why Kirpal Singh's biographer, H. Dressel, also mentions, that Kirpal Singh had a 'gaze into the future'. But at the same place you will also find that he regarded it to be an illness and requested his master Sawan Singh to rid him of it.1 Thus, it could only have been a pre-cognition of the slightly 'incorrect' type - of which Freud also spoke, and which Kirpal Singh did not want to overstate. Can this kind of formulation not unite and reconcile eastern and western ways of thinking?


Kirpal Singh's pupils darkened their gaze considerably by constantly applying their 'déjà raconté', and this up to the point where they could hardly see anything anymore (this description is purposely gross). This put Kirpal Singh in the position of using this 'jamais vu' with them in order to recognise and seemingly influence them. Later on, I will be calling this gaze the 'urgent, sincere gaze' or the 'imaginary signifier'.2 This is the case, - at this point, it can be expressed differently, and with slightly more obligation - because such a gaze (as we also find in a cinema) is not an 'interference of multiple correct achievements', but rather an 'interference of multiple correct gazes' (perspectives of the camera, of the watcher, of the actors, of the director, etc.). These appear to be correct, as they occur 'synchronously', or even strongly linked. C. Metz associates this with 'All-Wahrnehmung' (German for: omni-perception3) in which multiple perceptions are held together through one and the same symbolic value - thus, again through an synchronous echo, a unified discourse, or self-contained message. That's why Kirpal Singh's gaze didn't only have a perceiving, but also a revealing effect! He was capable of uniting the 'imaginary' with the 'verbal' signifier, and that's what I am attempting to do in this book.

1 Dressel, H., Das Leben des Vollendeten ( The Life of the Master ) (1989), page 9

2 The signifier is a term used in linguistics, and will be explained in detail later on. For the time being it is sufficient to know that it can be understood as a trademark, or as a certification mark, that creates significance with and between words. An 'imaginary signifier' additionally provides for supporting images.

3 Metz, C., The Imaginary Signifier, Psychoanalysis and Cinema, Nodus (2000)

Warum Analytische Psychokatharsis

Die Psychoanalyse sei keine Wissenschaft im ganz strengen, sachwissenschaftlichen Sinne, meinte J. Lacan. Aber sie sei unwiderlegbar, weil sie außer Theorie auch noch Praxis ist. Doch seit Freuds Entdeckung des Unbewussten und der Möglichkeit von dessen Enthüllung ist die Praxis wieder in den Hintergrund getreten, was freilich auch mit einem Mangel an einer neuen theoretischen Fassung zusammenhängt. Die Psychoanalyse ist in ihrer Anwendung langwierig und umständlich geworden, aber eben doch unwiderlegbar präzise. Das Verfahren der Analytischen Psychokatharsis erreicht durchaus Einfachheit und Klarheit wie auch die Wissenschaftlichkeit durch einen Ausgangspunkt, der als grundlegend für alle Bereiche (Wissenschaft, Kultur, „Spiritualität", etc.) gelten kann. Er ist in vielen Teilen der Psychoanalyse entnommen, jedoch reduziert auf ihre Grundelemente und somit nicht so kompliziert-komplex (später werden einige theoretische Aspekte notwendig sein, die aber für die Anwendung des Verfahrens nicht für jeden gleich wichtig sind). - Das nebenstehende Bild zeigt ein FORMEL-WORT um einen Torus geschrieben - siehe Erklärungen später -.

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NDE and Sex

Greatly emphasized female aspects play a decisive role in Kirpal Singh’s Surat Shabd Yoga, namely devotion (attention) and receptiveness (assignment). Such emphasis of femininity is often found in mysticism.

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Scientific Procedure for Formula Words

For our FORMULA-WORD we need a more scientific procedure. The model of the unconscious is an IT SPEAKS, though under the condition that it doesn’t concern being. There may be a God within such an IT SPEAKS.

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God, Spirit Principal

It is up to the human being to find these within himself and to bring them together. They cannot be fused together nor can they be grasped as a cast alloy of One, as then again would there be a tangibly graspable, directly accessible God.1

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Primal Principles and Primal Forces

When speaking here of primal principles and primal forces, don't imagine these terms to have been abstract constructs with Kirpal Singh. For him, 'light' and 'sound' were immediate experiences, yes, and even psychically experienced phenomena, really very similar to the psychoanalytic drives (especially their 'primary process'1). When sitting in meditation in a dark room for a longer period of time, your mood, body image, awareness of yourself 'light up' to the point of 'light-like' visibility and of something that begins to 'sound', as if the thoughts you have become transparently clear and audible. Surely, such an experiment may require much time and sound guidance,

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SHINES / SPEAKS and the Incarnation of God

In the case of art, there is no doubt that there was a high degree of esthetic happiness in the relationship between Kirpal Singh and Sawan Singh, a rejoicing over the beauty (physical, mental, spiritual) of his master. Surat Shabd Yoga is an art, straightforwardly an art of the SHINES / speaks (purposely written here in small characters).

Weiterlesen: SHINES / SPEAKS and the Incarnation of God

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