Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science

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The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Gaze-Image and Primal Scene

During meditation such image-gazes can emerge, and be disturbing. But were we to return to the 'main star' as a single vector of the SHINES, and would it be simultaneously possible to maintain attention (the same effect of the Master´s 'gaze-image' or darshan),

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Assignment through the Eyes

The term: 'through the eyes' is a mystical-metaphoric one. It attempts to express coincidence of the 'inner' and of the 'outer', a total SHINES / SPEAKS', whereby the slash, or fractional stroke ideally depicts the 'up' of the 'assignment'.

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Primal Transference and Signifiers

... confirmed by a contemporary paper by E. Seifert.1 She shows that transference is a primal form and has hallucinatory properties in the deep and intense occurrence that I have called primal transference. Everyone has a little of such a primal transference inside, else we wouldn't be human.

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Introduction to ARE - VID - EOR

ARE – VID – EOR

is such a name. It does not originate in Sanskrit. As Kirpal Singh always said: „Sanskrit is not the lingua franca of spirituality”, stressing that the meaning of his Sanskrit names did not lie in Old Indian language, but in others, too.

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Light/Sound and Reincarnation

Of course, Kirpal Singh's 'background' also included his physical parents, pious Sikhs, who were slightly well-to-do and who, together with the rural environment, could have represented Kirpal Singh's first 'light' and 'sound' experiences. A well-harboring family, robust health and a 'brightness in mother's eye' - as self-psychologist H. Kohut called this early 'light', or early mirroring scene - may have contributed to the creation of his good 'background'1. But in Kirpal Singh's teaching, all of these are regarded as 'karmic' aspects, singular perspectives of a vast causal connectivity in the sense of reincarnation. This theory exists in the beginnings of many religions and also in Vedian Brahmanism, ancient Indian Yoga. The idea of reincarnation is even found in Christ's death and resurrection. Well, the term reincarnation is just a mythical expression for deeply rooted unconscious complexes similar in connotation as are found in psychoanalysis. In the latter, multi-layered shame and guilt complexes play a major role.2 We can add to these - just by studying Kirpal Singh's life and teachings - complexes of perception and self-experience in order to denominate such a rich collection of primal causes as would be - namely in a unscientific form - included in a widely elaborated reincarnation theory as well as in most forms of Yoga 3.

1 Kohut, H., Narzissmus, Suhrkamp (1973) page 141. There the author demonstrates, that not only is childlike delight reflected ('light'), but a mother may also apply statements ('sound') to guide a child's self-esteem into a 'realistic direction'.

2 Freud spoke of unconscious feelings of guilt. But, 'unconscious' here is contradictory when connected to feelings. You might rather speak of 'guilt anxiety', which is only unconscious, and of 'shame drive', which as well an unconscious, almost reactive type of shame to drive impulses. Everyone deals with such unconscious complexes.

3 R. Hummel has discussed detailed theological and philosophic aspects in his book "Reincarnation" (Herder, 1999). In summary one can say, that even he conceptualizes the idea of reincarnation as the "eternal life before death" than in reverse order. So, reincarnation is understood as an opportunity to be answerable to a higher principle through an "eternal" purification process (i.e. as in Yoga).

Double-Take Gaze

There must have been a phase of multiple perception during the transition from animal to human being, "a deviation of the identical"1, or simultaneous multi-layer picture perception. It could lead to a 'super perception' and finally, to an so called omni- or synchronal perception.

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An Explanation of the Master's Gaze

The look into the 'master's' eyes, 'darshan' in India, shines. A devotee's 'concerns', his complexes, are simply outshined. Transference is accelerated to the point of primal transference, to rapture or ecstasy of love.1 When practicing Yoga, however, one then must deal with the usual suppression in which a SPEAKS occurs, meaning dispelled wishes express themselves and must be processed.

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Danger in the Quest

My attempt is to write a comparative study of Kirpal Singh’s yoga with psychoanalysis. However, I am going to continue to reach far into the West. Would this still be justified? I do think so, because I have kept an open ear to the East and to India for so many years.

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Combining three aspects of yoga

In this manner Kirpal Singh was able to combine the three aspects of Yoga (physical, mental, spiritual) without producing confusion or excess effort caused by too many exercises of the physical and mental type. It already becomes clear, that a system aiming to encompass all aspects would be very complex, rigid and cumbersome, as is the case with most forms of Yoga.

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