Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science

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The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Feminine Object and Phallus Symbol

And it is here, that we find the most striking connectivity with psychoanalysis and yoga. Freud did not expound sexuality as something repressed, or deprived. To the contrary, sexuality is constantly spoken of in one way or the other, however, in such ways that it becomes evident, that no one really knows anything about it.

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Further Aspects of ARE-VID-EOR

Another connection to R. Barthes’ semiotics and his ‘good fortune of the signs’. The ARE – VID – EOR has no further meaning in the sense of a pre-defined, cultural or otherwise defined language.

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Other's Attention and Symbolic Phallus

Consequently, it is not sufficient to only extract and interpret the ‘Up’ of the „symbolic phallus“1 of the patient’s associations, even if it would be very helpful, for still, it is an initial ‘Up’.

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Reversing the approach to understanding precognition

Reversing the above approach, but explicably with the same phenomena, leads us to similar findings for precognition. Here, very much has already been related. The events in the lives of Kirpal Singh's devotees constantly revolved around the central phenomenon of their Guru and 'master'.

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Sant Mat and Visions

At this point a serious problem arises, one that plays a large role in the life of a Yogi: how are you to recognize a teacher to be competent and authentic? Faqir Chand was one of the most resourceful Sant Mat Gurus through his candid reports on the lowlights of Guru Systems. Indeed, he plainly demonstrated why even a 'vision' of a competent Guru by far is no guarantee for spiritual development.

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Echo-Discourse, Sanskrit and the Other

However and as just mentioned, speaking to a ‚master' in meditation and yoga is established on the echo of the teachings (on his 'mental') he previously announced. But the repetitions of Sanskrit names are also involved in the exercises, as representations of linguistic elements.

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Unconsciousness - Knot of Signifiers - comparison to Yoga

Psychoanalysis defines the unconscious as a chain, as a knot of signifiers. The level of SHINES (imaginary, Other’s attention, psychic object) and SPEAKS (symbolic, Super-Ego, Id) are linked and knotted in the unconscious, and we have seen, that this basic formula is also valid for Yoga.

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Spirituality, yoga and psychoanalysis

I won't be extensively concerned with other forms of Yoga, since it was Kirpal Singh himself who, in his main work, provides for one the most detailed overviews of all existing Yoga systems, and derives his own approach to Yoga from it.1 He determines Hatha Yoga to be complicated (Yoga with strictly physical exercises) and only suitable for physically very resistant people, which obviously makes it not quite suitable for the majority of people in the West.

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Precognition

The phenomenon of precognition may best be explained with an event most people have experienced: the déjá-vu (already seen or experienced). The experience of living through an incident exactly the same way as in the past is accompanied by an unnoticed insistence of a 'jamais raconté' (never been told) in the unconscious.

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