Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science

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The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Light/Sound and Reincarnation

Of course, Kirpal Singh's 'background' also included his physical parents, pious Sikhs, who were slightly well-to-do and who, together with the rural environment, could have represented Kirpal Singh's first 'light' and 'sound' experiences. A well-harboring family, robust health and a 'brightness in mother's eye' - as self-psychologist H. Kohut called this early 'light', or early mirroring scene - may have contributed to the creation of his good 'background'1. But in Kirpal Singh's teaching, all of these are regarded as 'karmic' aspects, singular perspectives of a vast causal connectivity in the sense of reincarnation. This theory exists in the beginnings of many religions and also in Vedian Brahmanism, ancient Indian Yoga. The idea of reincarnation is even found in Christ's death and resurrection. Well, the term reincarnation is just a mythical expression for deeply rooted unconscious complexes similar in connotation as are found in psychoanalysis. In the latter, multi-layered shame and guilt complexes play a major role.2 We can add to these - just by studying Kirpal Singh's life and teachings - complexes of perception and self-experience in order to denominate such a rich collection of primal causes as would be - namely in a unscientific form - included in a widely elaborated reincarnation theory as well as in most forms of Yoga 3.

1 Kohut, H., Narzissmus, Suhrkamp (1973) page 141. There the author demonstrates, that not only is childlike delight reflected ('light'), but a mother may also apply statements ('sound') to guide a child's self-esteem into a 'realistic direction'.

2 Freud spoke of unconscious feelings of guilt. But, 'unconscious' here is contradictory when connected to feelings. You might rather speak of 'guilt anxiety', which is only unconscious, and of 'shame drive', which as well an unconscious, almost reactive type of shame to drive impulses. Everyone deals with such unconscious complexes.

3 R. Hummel has discussed detailed theological and philosophic aspects in his book "Reincarnation" (Herder, 1999). In summary one can say, that even he conceptualizes the idea of reincarnation as the "eternal life before death" than in reverse order. So, reincarnation is understood as an opportunity to be answerable to a higher principle through an "eternal" purification process (i.e. as in Yoga).

Earlier Life

The term 'earlier life', insofar as it even reaches back into animal evolution, is naturally1 - and as just mentioned - relatively imprecise, since the 'life' of an early primate has little to compare with the 'vita' of a modern human being. Here, life is not equal to life, and we are impelled to introduce additional constructions in order to explain 'reincarnation' in a plausible manner. Nevertheless, it retains its value. At the least we are able to transpose ourselves into the psychosocial or purely phenomenological aspects of 'earlier lives', which positions us to draw usable conclusions for just what is necessary to gain an understanding of Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga in comparison to psychoanalysis. Subsequently, scientific aspects of the term 'reincarnation' are also able to be represented in a more vivid manner. Shame complexes, as an example, have to do with disturbed perception. Shame is an unbearable, impossible self-portrait. Shame causes us not to see ourselves as we are, but distorted, deformed, as if seeing ourselves in an 'earlier life' under completely different, strange and denunciating circumstances than are normally the case. Or when vividly imagining ourselves as if we were in an exposing movie (goes to say: with the help of an imaginary signifier). Seeing yourself in a pre-existence prevents then a confrontation with an overly intense current feeling of shame in present life, indeed, and gives way for a more careful approach to such a complex. I can withstand my shame if only I were to see myself mirrored in an earlier existence, just as if I could reconstruct it from a distance and in relation to my analytic therapist. Neither of the cases leaves me to be currently and directly ashamed, but only confronted with shame that has been detoured, which makes it easier to cope with. The same goes for guilt complexes and self-awareness.

1 Here the expression 'naturally' acquires its full meaning. However, as I have further pointed out above, the human being has an understanding, and is in the position of applying reincarnation to reflections and rhetoric.

Gaze-Image and Darshan

A face is only the frame of a ‚gaze-image'. However, just as any frame provides for a picture's true form, for its stay, or setting, it may be the face in the 'gaze-image' that provides for orientation. There are faces in which we are only mirrored, and which seduce us to positive or to negative emotions and only entangle us in dialectics of physiognomy.

Weiterlesen: Gaze-Image and Darshan

Lingam Power

Still, this way of thinking has also changed considerably in India in the course of the last decades. The influence of technology of the so-called First World, of natural science, computer science and many other matters seem to hardly yield room for pure mystic or 'spiritual' thinking as often as before, nor for the majority of the people in India.

Weiterlesen: Lingam Power

Attention of the Other

Both Sawan Singh and Kirpal Singh, as his successor, were, at the end of their lives, in the position of being able to look back over a great, comprehensive social and - let us avoid the word 'spiritual' for once - psycho-theological work.

Weiterlesen: Attention of the Other

Primal Repression in the Gaze-Image

Why speak of the 'sun, moon and stars'? In Surat Shabd yoga the individual is often in a kind of self-analysis which bears danger of him overlooking his own resistance to analysis.1 This calls for a strict guideline, namely to concentrate on simple symbols, such the sun, moon and stars.

Weiterlesen: Primal Repression in the Gaze-Image

On Discourse, Guilt and Shame Complexes

If no actual and profound conversation comes about, nor 'causality' is reached, then the same thing happens in yoga as does in the universitary discours or in an aborted psychoanalysis. Here, insight and confession of the truth are only achieved through an artificial conversation,

Weiterlesen: On Discourse, Guilt and Shame Complexes

Imaginary Signifiers and Image-Gazes

So we don't need an experience of the 'astral-mental' levels. It is enough to know that there are 'image-gazes' which we have to penetrate long enough until something is established, something that guides us from the visual level to the real symbolic message.

Weiterlesen: Imaginary Signifiers and Image-Gazes

Right and Left

Subsequently, I could say: what is left and right is a case of mathematic, grammatical or flattened articulation. I could say: right concerns correct, etymological. Right is straight, directed. In imagination, or mental dissociation, right is found on the right-hand side in the head, right in symbolism.

Weiterlesen: Right and Left

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