Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science

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The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Perception of Sound and ARE - VID - EOR

The SPEAKS, perception of the ‚sound’, is to be exercised separately in Surat Shabd Yoga, and this is also the way I’d like to represent it (2nd exercise) when I offer direct guidance for practice. As Sawan Singh clearly stated, though, the SPEAKS can accompany the first exercise).

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Creatio ex nihilo

'Light'(mirroring) and 'sound' (echoing) are then the two first forms or drives of a creatio ex nihilo, and Kirpal Singh's happy 'background' is nothing else than the "good luck of the signs" as semiotician R. Barthes calls it.1 It has to do with the joy found in a certain appointment, or the delight in a revelation. Only in the sense of this 'happiness' can one speak of God.

This concept of a hypothetical One behind two actually tangible primal principles is basically nothing extraordinary in India; after all it was and is advocated by many Sufis, Yogis and mystics in India.

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Gaze-image and Vision

From a psychological-scientific standpoint, the phenomenon of a 'vision' is very difficult to define and only in an imprecise manner at that. Certainly, it would be wrong to simply imply that Kirpal Singh only had a hallucination. Besides, hallucinations are not always necessarily something pathologic.

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In the Beginning, a Sum of Signifiers

The bible says: „In the beginning was the word ..." (in John). But what sounded there, what did he, it, they, or all of them say? Something of the sort of the 'fiat lux' announced, an announcement of 'light', the second signifier. This is the only way it can work. There can't be a voice in the beginning. That would be foolish.

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Lingam Power

Still, this way of thinking has also changed considerably in India in the course of the last decades. The influence of technology of the so-called First World, of natural science, computer science and many other matters seem to hardly yield room for pure mystic or 'spiritual' thinking as often as before, nor for the majority of the people in India.

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Universal Discourse

Such dialogism, or discourse, is completed in the next level, in ‚Bhanwar Gupha'. Here Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga seems similar to Hegel's philosophy, where ‚absolute knowledge' represents the culmination point. This, though, only means that any discourse closes absolutely free of any contradiction.

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Attention of the Other

Both Sawan Singh and Kirpal Singh, as his successor, were, at the end of their lives, in the position of being able to look back over a great, comprehensive social and - let us avoid the word 'spiritual' for once - psycho-theological work.

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Imaginary Signifiers and Image-Gazes

So we don't need an experience of the 'astral-mental' levels. It is enough to know that there are 'image-gazes' which we have to penetrate long enough until something is established, something that guides us from the visual level to the real symbolic message.

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Speaks and Assignment of the Other

At this point we have also to deal with another scheme which concerns the SPEAKS, the symbolic order and 'assignment' of the Other. As stated above, a SPEAKS in yoga refers at first to the external teachings, it is nothing other than echo-discourse.

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