Analytic Psychocatharsis

... combining meditation with science

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The book offers a brief overview of the different types of Yoga and then provides a comparison with the modern science of psychology. Laya Yoga, a comprehensive physical and mental method, seems to be the best pick for such research. Laya Yoga, as it was taught by the late Sant Kirpal Singh (1894-1974) in Sant Mat (Rhadasoami, Ruhani Satsang, India), is widely known as a modern method of meditation in India. There, a yogi is no longer expected to live in the forest, or to subject himself to asceticism. He is rather free to have a normal profession, have a family and children, and is expected to include modern scientific aspects into his teachings. Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga (his name for Laya Yoga) is also related to Patanjali's yoga. 'Yoga is chit vritis nirodha', is being in command of 'chit' (the conscious) and 'vritis' (vibrations, transformations), which Kirpal Singh set forth as being equivalent with his 'light' and 'sound' principle in meditation.

We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.

After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.

In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.

Astral Level - A Line

So, the way across the astral-mental-Deva level is .... just a detour. You can shortcut to the mental-causal level by reducing the astral elements to the most simple combination possible: to the SHINES as conjectures, or knots from the individual to the Other, from the practitioner to the master, from Alpha to Omega, from confusing numbers to set theoretical objects.

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Primal Transference and Signifiers

... confirmed by a contemporary paper by E. Seifert.1 She shows that transference is a primal form and has hallucinatory properties in the deep and intense occurrence that I have called primal transference. Everyone has a little of such a primal transference inside, else we wouldn't be human.

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Followers and Transference

Kirpal was in a difficult conflict. After all, he had to fulfill his daily tasks of teaching, as he stated with his own words, leaving it difficult for him to find the time for his own meditation. This problem, practice and teaching being in conflict with each other, is not found in psychoanalysis. Here there is continuing stability through regular scientific publications.

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Boromiac Knot, Moebius Band, Shines and Speaks

Why not simply take the names, or FORMULA-WORDs in their ‚loadedness’, meaning in their enjoyment potential, or in their capability of giving way to the most original of enjoyment while knowing their construction?

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Improved Meditation with ARE-VID-EOR

What distinguishes this method of Analytic Psychocatharsis from Surat Shabd Yoga is so an improved support by the intellect and by our Western culture. Why not – while in meditation with ARE – VID – EOR – think, re-think, question and re-read? There are so many Sant Mat ‚masters’ who fail due to the triviality and naivety of their formulations.

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Applying the Light and Sound principle to Yoga

We only need to apply the 'light' (reflecting, mirroring) / 'sound' (echoing) principle - written with the stroke in between1 - as a guideline in Yoga practice (exercises) and teachings (theories) from the beginning on, and try to also compare all of these terms with psychological scientific cognizance. Theory and practice are also closely related to one another in occidental sciences. Freudian psychoanalysis is not feasible without knowledge of its therapeutic practice. Vice versa, Freud's biography would be of no value without the decisive stages in his research. May the reader so have the understanding that this book doesn't describe single events of Kirpal Singh's life, but rather the substantial aspects of practice and theory of Yoga, and partially draws relations to western science, as well as engages in discussions of these. How else should you go about writing a biography of such a great person and producing science at the same moment?

H.-U. Rieker also provides an ideal overview of the Yoga systems in his literature (Fig. 2). He uses simple structures common to all Yoga literature, i.e. by arranging physical, mental (emotional) and spiritual forms of Yoga. The diagrams displayed here show Kirpal Singh's Yoga mainly in the vicinity of Laya Yoga, which means: in the area of pure spiritual exercises, in which there is, however, a close relation to ethical behaviours (Dhyana, Karma). To avoid spiritual (mental) overexertion, Kirpal Singh, however, called on his devotees to keep to strict vegetarian nutrition and to preserve positive feelings to the teacher.

 

1 The stroke stands exactly for what Yoga describes as 'Bindu', as in having a visually (Single Eye) or symbolically (Logos) connecting property (Old Indian: bhindan). In Psychoanalysis we make a distinction between the imaginary, the symbolic and the real. The real is not reality, but it is like a 'Bindu', a connecting property which really happens.

Gaze-Image and Darshan

A face is only the frame of a ‚gaze-image'. However, just as any frame provides for a picture's true form, for its stay, or setting, it may be the face in the 'gaze-image' that provides for orientation. There are faces in which we are only mirrored, and which seduce us to positive or to negative emotions and only entangle us in dialectics of physiognomy.

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Gaze-image and Vision

From a psychological-scientific standpoint, the phenomenon of a 'vision' is very difficult to define and only in an imprecise manner at that. Certainly, it would be wrong to simply imply that Kirpal Singh only had a hallucination. Besides, hallucinations are not always necessarily something pathologic.

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Universal Discourse

Such dialogism, or discourse, is completed in the next level, in ‚Bhanwar Gupha'. Here Kirpal Singh's Surat Shabd Yoga seems similar to Hegel's philosophy, where ‚absolute knowledge' represents the culmination point. This, though, only means that any discourse closes absolutely free of any contradiction.

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